NM's Creative Impulse

Development of Western Civilization I

World History I





  The Mesopotamian plain was called the Fertile Crescent. Situated between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, the area was the birth place of the varied civilizations that developed writing, schools, libraries, written law codes and moved us from prehistory to history. The Sumerians, Akkadians, Chaldeans, Hittites, Babylonians, Israelites, Phoenicians, Lydians, Assyrians and Persians established the foundations for future Civilizations. Their contributions include: the wheel, glass, the sail, coinage, mathematics, calendars, bronze, iron, monotheism, epic poetry, farming and irrigation.

The art of Mesopotamia is as diverse as the civilizations that inhabited the area. Art became decorative, stylized and conventionalized at different times and places in the area. Gods took on human forms and humans were combined with animals to make fantastic creatures. Art commemorated the accomplishments of great men and intimidated the lowly. Skills improved and new media was developed. Large temples and imposing palaces dotted the landscape. Man recorded his history and poetry for the first time and set them down to music. Lyres, pipes, harps and drums accompanied their songs and dances. 






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This page created by Nancy B. Mautz

Last revised: August 6 , 1997